The number of registered trade unions in India has grown from 221,871 in 1991-93 to 347,330 in 2005-08, according to the Institute of Human Development.
The government will meet union and industry representatives on May 6 to discuss these proposals. Rao said unions would jointly oppose the move.
In another proposal, a union will be deemed registered if no action is taken within two months of applying to the government. A worker associated with 10 unions will not be able to form another one.
During conciliation proceedings, workers will not be allowed to go slow, gherao, squat on premises or stage demonstrations at managers’ houses. Instigating “such forms of coercive action” will not be considered legal, according to the proposals.
“This idea behind forming various codes for labour laws is to dilute the provisions for workers,” said AK Padmanabhan, president of the Centre of Indian Trade Unions (Citu).
Work days lost in strikes climbed to 13,151 in 2010 from 4,247 in 2009, according to the Labour Bureau.